Hacer ayuno de dopamina en sólo 20 minutos

Tiempo de lectura: 3 minutos

Hacer ayuno de dopamina te convertirá en un héroe homérico

Cada vez soy más reacio a hablar de productividad, siento como si estuviera reproduciendo un pegajoso virus mental, ésa piedra de Sísifo a la que cada día servimos llamada Capital. Hacer ayuno de dopamina puede estar incrustado en esa lógica perversa.

Esto es lo que siento.

Cuando pienso un poco más en ello me doy cuenta que es necesario reconocer que la capacidad de aplazar la recompensa instantánea y de planificar a futuro es una de las grandes realizaciones en la evolución civilizatoria y en el desarrollo de la consciencia, incluso sabiendo todos los efectos secundarios de esta mentalidad.

A todos nos ha pasado, tenemos que completar X, X es algo que sabemos que es útil o beneficioso para nosotros pero tiene una brusca curva de aprendizaje, tiene una dificultad que hace que fácil que nos distraigamos y fantaseemos con todas las posibles recompensas, lucecitas y notificaciones que los bien engrasados algoritmos del capitalismo digital nos ofrece. Y caemos, y no completamos X y pasamos otro día siendo esclavos y consumidores, incapaces de ascender a esa casta de los productores desde la cual se puede construir un espacio de libertad.

La clave para recibir un chute instantáneo de maná es la meditación. La meditación nació en la India, lugar donde los yoguis dieron evolución a técnicas chamánicas basadas en la concentración y en posturas muy concretas que articulaban un maná y unas visiones específicas (1).

Aquí vamos a ser laicos, aunque si meditando obtienes el satori, la disolución de la separación sujeto-objeto, disfrútala. La meditación aquí es controlar el flujo mental y ponerlo en un punto.

Cuando estés sufriendo la crisis de productividad activa el cronómetro, ponlo en 20 minutos, siéntate en medio loto (2) y pon atención a tu respiración. Me da igual lo que pienses, sientas, etc. Que tu atención vaya a tu respiración: inhalar, exhalar, inhalar, exhalar; autohipnotízate en este proceso. Cuando te distraigas, que te distraerás, olvídate de la culpa y de la indefensión aprendida, vuelve a la respiración. Sé firme, determinado y relajado. Hasta que la alarma suene.

Este proceso es tan simple y tan duro, destruye tantos estímulos, que cuando termine los 20 minutos de meditación terminar ese trabajo de estadística te va a parecer toda una fiesta. Esto sucede porque la meditación funciona como un ayuno de dopamina, durante esos 20 minutos has eliminado todo estímulo, toda acción-reacción, toda volición ha sido sujetada y condenada al flujo de inhalar y exhalar. Este ayuno de dopamina (3) produce lo que en otros sitios he llamado comparación a corto plazo, nuestro placer y displacer depende de comparaciones a corto plazo; por ejemplo si vengo de picar piedra barrer el suelo me va a parecer relajante, en cambio si vengo del jacuzzi tener que barrer me parecerá una pesadez.

Con la meditación, que en cierto sentido es lo más duro a lo que se puede enfrentar el ultraracional sistema nervioso simpático del occidental medio, se activa la comparación a corto plazo. Además debo hablar de beneficios laterales cómo que durante la meditación surgen muchas ideas distractivas, que aunque no hay que prestarles atención en el momento, son útiles.

¿Cómo te crees, acaso, que se me ha ocurrido escribir este artículo?

Notas del texto sobre hacer ayuno de dopamina escritas por Yole para mayor esclarecimiento y entendimiento.
  1. Aquí me baso específicamente en los trabajos de Michael Harner y Felicitas Goodman. Estos dos antropólogos han trabajado el chamanismo no sólo desde el punto de vista histórico y etnográfico sino que han explorado las técnicas arcaicas del éxtasis y explicado su método y sus resultados.
  2. En realidad se puede meditar en cualquier posición pero el medio loto moviliza cierto maná sutil que sin duda te ayudará en este proceso.
  3. El ayuno de dopamina se ha puesto de moda en Silicon Valley, allí la obsesión por la mejora y la productividad les lleva, en curiosos giros históricos, a redescubrir técnicas arcaicas del alma. Éste consiste en evitar todo estímulo durante un tiempo, para recuperar el placer, la motivación y la sensibilidad.

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